Kidney Stone

The formation of kidney stones occurs when an excess of salts and minerals accumulates within the kidneys. The primary function of the kidneys is to eliminate waste and fluids from the body through urine. When the concentration of waste exceeds the fluid content, these substances can come together to form kidney stones. While they don't always cause discomfort, some individuals may experience minimal or no pain at all.

However, if these stones move into the ureter, patients can suffer from sudden and severe lower back pain, which can potentially lead to serious complications. Kidney stones can vary in size, ranging from as small as a grain of sand to as large as a golf ball.

Varieties of Kidney Stones:

  • Calcium stones
  • Struvite stones
  • Uric acid stones
  • Cystine stones

Risk Factors:

  • Obesity
  • Hereditary predisposition
  • Dehydration
  • Elevated intake of calcium supplements
  • Increased consumption of animal protein

Kidney Stone Treatment in Delhi:
Diagnosis of Kidney Stones:

Pilotheal's skilled urologists meticulously diagnose kidney stones. This process involves a thorough physical examination in which your medical history and current medications are carefully reviewed. To determine the root cause, the doctor may recommend specific diagnostic tests:

Blood Test: Evaluates uric acid and calcium levels, as well as overall kidney health, guiding subsequent treatment decisions.

Imaging Tests: Ultrasound, X-ray, and CT scans confirm the presence and dimensions of kidney stones.

Urine Test: Urine culture identifies infection levels within the body.

Four Kidney Stone Removal Techniques:

Upon diagnosis results, the doctor prescribes the most suitable kidney stone treatment based on the individual's condition.

ESWL (Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy): Utilizes shock waves to fragment kidney stones into smaller pieces, facilitating their passage through the urinary tract and eventual excretion.

Lithotripsy (Ureteroscopy): Involves guiding a ureteroscope through the urethra and into the ureter, employing laser energy to disintegrate and remove the stone.

RIRS (Retrograde Intrarenal Surgery): Conducts surgery within the kidney utilizing a flexible ureteroscope to extract upper ureter and small kidney stones.

PCNL (Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy): Minimally invasive procedure involving the removal of larger kidney stones through a small incision in the skin.

Please note that advancements in medical knowledge and practices may have occurred since my last update. Always consult with medical professionals or trusted sources for the most up-to-date and accurate information.